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Africa and climate change

Apr 24, 2013, 9:30 AM

There have been conventions, coalitions, and conferences held in the name of combating climate change. Hundreds of politicians have discussed, debated and even come to agree on possible solutions, all of which require commitments to face its impending challenges.

Thousands of scientists have released studies, statements, and reports documenting its harmful and possibly even disastrous consequences for all of the world’s biodiversity.

Experts said that Africa is already vulnerable to climate variability.

While report stated that small rises in temperature and reductions in rainfall could ‘tip the balance’ and lead to severe water shortages and reductions in crop yields, reports have revealed, it is said these could fall by as much as 30 per cent by the 2050s.

Historical evidence shows that both natural and managed ecosystems in Africa face substantial adverse impacts from existing climate variability, the nature of which will almost certainly be altered by longer-term climate change.

The negative effects of climate change on crop production are especially pronounced in sub-Saharan Africa, as the agriculture sector accounts for a large share of GDP, export earnings, and employment in most African countries.

Climate change could undo even the little progress most African countries have achieved so far in terms of development.

Often African governments have placed climate change at the bottom of their national priorities.

This has to change, if they are to make any progress in dealing with the alarming trends.

Climate change adaptation strategies have to be strengthened, as the continent continues to face the greatest catastrophe in human history. Climate change represents a nightmare scenario for the future of the people of the continent. Thus, there is a need for the African governments to put pressure on the developed countries to support them in their fight against climate change.