Nov 13, 2020, 2:19 PM
Prayer for peace and blessings upon the Prophet, peace be upon him, may be said in any form. If someone were to say: “O Allah, bless Muhammad,” it should suffice. It is better, however, to use the prayers transmitted through tradition, like the following:: Extravagance in Shrouding is Disliked. (Allahumma Salli ‘ala-Muhammad wa’ala ali Muhammad kama sallayta ‘ala Ibrahim wa ‘ala ali Ibrahim wa barik ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala ali Muhammad kama barakta’ ala Ibrahim wa ‘ala ali Ibrahim innaka hamidun Majid).” “O Allah! Grant peace to Muhammad and his family as you did to Ibrahim and his family. O Allah! Bless Muhammad and his family as you blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly You are Most Glorious and Most Praiseworthy.’ This should be said after the second takbir, as is obvious, though there is nothing specifically reported in this regard as to its precise place in the funeral prayer.
Supplication for the Deceased
This is a basic element of funeral prayer according to the consensus of juristic opinion. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “When you offer a funeral prayer for a deceased person, pray sincerely for him to Allah.” This is reported by Abu Daw’ud, Al-Baihaqi and Ibn Hibban, who said it is a sound hadith.
For this purpose any supplication, even a brief one, may be used. It is recommended, however, to use one of the following supplications reported from the Prophet, peace be upon him:
If the deceased is a child, then it is desirable to pray: Allahumma ‘ij’alhu lana salafan wa zhukhran. “O Allah! Make him our forerunner and make him (a means of) reward for us and a treasure.” Bukhari and Al-Baihaqi report it from Al-Hasan. Nawawi said: “If the deceased is a child, a boy or a girl, one should say what is reported in the hadith, namely, “O Allah! Forgive our living, our dead. . .” and add the words: Allahumma ‘ij’alhu faratan li-abwaihi wa salafan wa zhukhran wa izatan wa i’tibaran wa shafi’an wa thaqil bihi mawazlnahumma wa afrlghas sabra ‘ala qulubihima wa la taftinhumma ba’dahu wa la tuharim-humma ajrahu. “O Allah, make him (or her) for his parents a forerunner, a treasure and an admonition, an honor, an intercessor, and cause him (or her) to make their scales of good deeds heavier (on the Day of Judgment). O Allah! Grant them patience, and O Allah! Do not put them to trial after him (or her) nor deprive them of his (or her) reward.”
Timing of Supplications
Ash-Shawkani said: There are no fixed times for these prayers. One may use any of these after all the takbirs, or after the first or second or third takbir, or divide it between each two takbirs, or say any of these prayers in between each two takbirs in the light of the practice of the Prophet, peace be upon him. It is also said that supplications should be done in the words given in the above reported hadith for both male or female dead persons.
Supplications after the fourth takbir
It is preferred to supplicate for the deceased after the fourth takbir, even though the supplicant may have done so after the third takbir. This is based on a narration by Ahmad on the authority of ‘ Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa who said that when his daughter died, at his funeral prayer for her he made four takbirs. After the fourth takbir, he stood supplicating for as much as he did in between the other takbirs. Then he said: “The Prophet, peace be upon him, used to do the same in a funeral prayer.” Ash-Shafi’i said: “After the fourth takbir one may say, Allahumma la tuharimna ajrahu wa la taftinna ba’dahu. ‘O Allah! Do not deprive us of reward for (supplicating for) him/her, nor put us to trial after him (or her)’.” Ibn Abu Hurairah said: “After the fourth takbir the elders used to say: Allahumma Rabbana atina fi ad-Dunya hasanatan wafi al-Akhirati hasanatan wa qina ‘azhab an-Nar. ‘O Allah! Grant us good in this life and good in the life to come, and save us from the torment of Hell Fire.”
To be continued