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The obligation of fasting in Ramadan

Aug 3, 2012, 12:59 PM

This is sufficient and now let us read what Imam Al-Nawawi compiled

Allah said: “O you who believe! Observing fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you would attain piety. (Observing fasting) is for a fixed number of days (in the month of Ramadan), but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (of days that he did not observe the fasting should be compensated for) form other days. And as for those who fast with difficulty (e.g. an old man, etc.), they have (the choice either to observe fasting or) to feed a destitute person (for every day missed). But whoever does good of his own accord it is better for him. And (bear in mind that) observing fasting it is better for you if only you know.

The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So, whomever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan, i.e., is present in his homeland), he must observe fasting that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number (of days that one does not observe fasting must be compensated) for other days. Allah wills for you ease, and He does not will to make things difficult for you. (He wills that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah (to recite Takbeer: “Allah Akbar (Allah is the Most Great)”. for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.  (2: 183-185)

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said as: Narrated by Abu-Huraira:  ‘A nomad came to the Prophet (SAW) and said: “Tell me of such a deed that would admit me into Paradise.” The Prophet (SAW) said: “Worship Allah and worship none along with Him, offer the (five) prescribed compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory zakat and fast in the month of Ramadan.” The nomad said: “by Him in Whose Hands my soul (life) is I will not do more than this. “When he (the nomad) left, the Prophet (SAW) said: “Whoever wants to see a man from the rightful dwellers of Paradise,  then he can look at his man.” ‘(Bakhari)

Narrated Abu-Huraira: (See the Hadith N0, 667, plus the addition): “All the deeds of Adam’s sons (i.e. human beings) are for themselves expect fasting which is for Me, and I will give the reward for it.” There are two joyful occasions for the person observing fasting, one at the time of breaking fast, and the other at the time when he will meet his Lord and he will be pleased because of his fasting.’ (Bukhari)

Narrated Abu-Huraira: ‘Allah Messenger (SAW) said: “Whoever gives two kinds (of things or property) in charity for Allah’s Cause will be called from the gates of Paradise and will be addressed: ‘O servant of Allah! Here is prosperity.’ So whoever was amongst the people who used to offer the prayers will be called from the gate of the prayer. Jihad will be called from the gate of jihad. Whoever was amongst those who use to observe fasting, will be called from the gate of Al-Rayyan. Whoever was amongst those who use to give zakat (charity), will be called from the gate of zakat (charity).” Abu-Bakr said: “let my parents be sacrificed for you, O Allah’s Messenger! No distress or need will befall him who will be called from those gates. Will there be any one who will be called from all of these gates?’ The Prophet (SAW) replied: “Yes, and I hope you will be one of them” (Bukhari)

Narrated Sahl: ‘The Prophet  (SAW)said: “There is a gate in Paradise called Al-Rayyan, and those who observe fasting will be admitted through it on the Day of Resurrection and none but them will be admitted through it. It will be said: “Where are those who used to observe fasting?” They will get up, and none but them will enter through it. After their entry the gate will be closed and nobody will enter through it.” (Bukhari)

Narrated Abu-Sa’eed Al-Khudir ‘Allah Messenger (SAW) said: “No s event of Allah will fast for a day while engaged in Jihad, except that Allah will remove him from Hellfire a distance of seventy years for that day.” (Agreed upon, and this version is from Muslim.)

Narrated Abu-Huraira: ‘Allah Messenger (SAW)said: “Whoever observer observes fasting during the month of Ramadan out of sincerer faith and hoping to attain Allah’s Rewards, all his past sins will be forgiven.” (Bukhari)

Narrated Abu-Huraira: ’The Prophet (SAW) or Abul Qasim said: “Start fasting on seeing the crescent (of Ramadan), and give up fasting on seeing the crescent (of Shawwal), and if it is overcast (and you cannot see the crescent) complete thirty days of Sha’aban.” (Bukhari)

Narrated Abu-Hurair: ’The Prophet of Allah said: ‘When it is the first night of Ramadan, the devils and the rebels from the jinn are tied down; the gates of the Fire are closed and no gate of them is opened but gates of Paradise are opened and no gate of them is closed. And a caller calls: “O you who intends to do good, go ahead. O you, who intend to do evil, abstain. And for Allah, there are people acquitted from Fire every night.” (At-Termizi)

About the Desirability of being Generous and doing Good Deeds in Ramadan, especially in the Last Ten Days

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: ‘Allah’s  Messenger (SAW) was the most generous of all the people and he used to reach the peak of generosity in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel used to meet with him, and Gabriel used to meet him every night of Ramadan to teach him the Qur’an. Allah’s Messenger (SAW) was the most generous person in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds.’ (Bukhari)

Narrated ‘A’isha: ‘With the start of the ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet (SAW) used to tighten his belt (to work diligently) and used to offer (the Night Prayer) all night, and used to keep his family awake (for the Prayers).’(Bukhari)

About the Desirability of Breaking Fasting at the Earliest Possible Time

Narrated Sahl ibn Sa’ad: ‘The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The people (the Muslims) will be continue in doing good, as long as they break the fast as early as possible.”

Narrated Abu-Huraira; ‘The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Allah said: ‘The most beloved to Me is he who hastens in breaking the fast.”

Narrated Salman ibn Amer Al-Dhabbi: ‘The Prophet (SAW) said: “When one of you breaks his fast, he should do so with some dates; but if he can not get any, he should break his fast with water, for it is purifying.” (Reported by Al-Khamsa (the fifth) Ibn Khozayma, Ibn Hibban and Al- Hakim graded it Saheeh.)

Abu-Issa said: “The Hadith is Hasan ghareeb and it was narrated that the Prophet (SAW) used to break his fast with some fresh date in winner and with water in summer.”

About the General Rulings of Sawn
Narrated Abu-Huraira ‘T he Prophet (SAW) said “If somebody eats or drinks forgetfully then he should complete his fasting for what he has eaten or drink has been given to him by Allah” (Bukhari)

Narrated Laqeet ibn Sabira: ‘I said: “O Messenger of Allah! Tell me about Wodo’o.” He said: “Perform Wodo’o perfectly, let the water run between the fingers, and exaggerate in Madhmadha and Istinshaq, except in the case when you are fasting.” (At-Termizi)

Aba-Issa said: “The Hadith is Hasan Saheeh and the people of knowledge dislike the fasting person taking snuff. They see that it invalidates one’s fasting, basing their opinion on valid narrations.”

Narrated A’isha and Umm Salama: ‘Allah’s Messenger (SAW) would get up at dawn in the state of Janaba (due to sexual relations). He used to take a bath and intend to observe fasting.’ (Bukari)

The End.