Poliovirus type 2 outbreak declared in Gambia

Aug 20, 2021, 3:02 PM | Article By: Fatou Bojang

Health Minister Dr. Ahmadou Lamin Samateh has declared at a press briefing held at the Ministry in Banjul an outbreak of Poliovirus Type 2 disease in the country.

“In May 2021, with support from the World Health Organisation and other partners, The Gambia initiated environmental surveillance to supplement the traditional (Acute Flaccid Paralysis- AFP) polio surveillance system. Presently, environmental samples are collected from three sites. Samples collected from AFP cases and the environment are sent to the regional polio laboratory in Dakar for analysis.” Dr. Samateh explained

He noted that no AFP sample from The Gambia has tested positive for polio. However, two environmental samples collected from sewage sites, one from Banjul and the other from Kotu have tested positive for poliovirus type 2.

“This has created a polio outbreak situation in the country since a single positive poliovirus case is considered an outbreak under the 2005 International Health Regulations, thereby requiring an urgent response to breaking transmission.”

He added that sequencing results showed that the viruses detected in The Gambia are genetically linked to other viruses detected in Guinea, Senegal and Nigeria which indicated evidence of importation. He noted that the outbreak is an evidence of poliovirus circulation within the population but does not mean a detection of polio paralysis in the population.

Nevertheless, he said the ministry will continue working with all relevant UN agencies and other development partners in confronting the outbreak. “While we plan for vaccination response shortly, we have enhanced our surveillance system to increase its sensitivity and quality in tracking polio cases in circulation. We are preparing for at least two massive supplementary polio vaccination rounds targeting 382,908 children 0-59 months in The Gambia,” Samateh disclosed.

The Gambia, he went on, was certified polio free in 2004 after a last case was detected in 1986. The country over the years has maintained high polio vaccination coverage to meet the global polio eradication goal. Additionally, 27 high quality supplementary immunization activities was also conducted from 1997 to 2014 to boost immunity against polio.

Minister Samateh implores all parents to cooperate with vaccinators during the vaccination campaigns, saying The Gambia has the best immunization programs in the sub region. He also urged the public to maintain proper hygiene.

Read Other Articles In Headlines
motorcycle with cannabis
DLEAG intercepts 2 motorbikes with 18 bags suspected cannabis worth D0.5M
Jun 8, 2021, 1:17 PM

Operatives of the Drug Law Enforcement Agency-The Gambia (DLEAG) over the weekend intercepted two motorbikes with 18 bags of suspected cannabis, as the fight against drug trafficking and its related issues intensifies, The Point has been reliably informed.

Gambias Covid 19 vaccination
Gambia’s Covid-19 vaccination rate reaches 10%
Sep 2, 2021, 12:43 PM

Despite the misinformation and disinformation regarding the safety of the Covid-19 vaccines, The Gambia, according to the Ministry of Health, has fully vaccinated 10% of its population.

Chief Demba Sey
Upper Saloum chief hails NCCE for role in peaceful 2016 presidential elections
Jan 19, 2021, 11:20 AM

Demba Sey, chief of Upper Saloum District in Central River Region of The Gambia has commended the National Council for Civic Education (NCCE) for their role in the peaceful conduct of the 2016 presidential elections.