PRAYERS

Friday, February 09, 2018

ISLAM

Sunnah acts of prayer, Words of Remembrance and Supplications after the Tasleem

It is Sunnah for the person to use a number of words of remembrance and supplications which have been related from the Prophet. The many reports include the following:

1. Reported Thauban, “When the Prophet would finish his prayer, he would seek Allah’s forgiveness three times and then say, ‘O Allah, You are the peace, and from You is peace. You are filled with good, O Sublime and Honorable One.” This is related by “the group,” except for al-Bukhari. Muslim has the addition, “Waleed said, ‘I asked al-Auza’i, ‘How did he seek Allah’s forgiveness?’ He said, ‘By saying, ‘I seek Allah’s forgiveness, I seek Allah’s forgiveness, I seek Allah’s forgiveness.”

2. One day the Prophet took Mu’azh ibn Jabal’s hand and said to him, “O Mu’azh, I love you.” Mu’azh responded, “May my father and mother be sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah, I love you.” Then the Prophet said, “I advise you, O Mu’azh, say at the end of every prayer, ‘O Allah, aid me in Your remembrance, Your thanks, and in perfecting Your worship.” This is related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa’i, Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibban and al-Hakim, who said it is sahih according to al-Bukhari’s and Muslim’s criterion. Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said, “Do you strive your utmost in making a supplication? Then say, ‘O Allah, aid us in making Your remembrance, in giving You thanks and in perfecting Your worship.”

3. Reported ‘Abdullah ibn Zubair, “When the Prophet made the tasleem at the end of the prayer, he would say, ‘There is no god but Allah the One. There is no partner with Him, to Him belongs the sovereignty and to Him is the praise. He has power over all things.

There is no might or power save with Allah. We do not worship any but Him. To Him belongs the fortune, the grace and the best praise. There is no god except Allah, and religion is sincerely for Him even if the disbelievers abhor it.” (Related by Ahmad, al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

4. Al-Mughirah ibn Shu’bah reported that the Prophet would say at the end of every obligatory prayer, “There is no god except Allah, the One. There is no partner with Him. To Him is the dominion and the praise. He has power over all things. O Allah, none can withhold what You have conferred, nor can one confer what You have withheld. A fortune does not benefit its owner against You.” (Related by Ahmad, al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

5. Abu Umamah reported that the Prophet said, “For whoever recites the verse of the throne alBaqarah:244 at the end of every prayer, nothing will prevent him from entering Paradise except that (he must) die (first).” (Related by an-Nasa’i and at-Tabarani.)

‘Ali reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, “Whoever recites the verse of the throne at the end (after) of every obligatory prayer will be in Allah’s protection until the next prayer.” This is related by at-Tabarani with a Hassan chain.

6. Abu Hurairah related that the Prophet said, “Whoever glorifies Allah after every prayer thirty-three times, and praises Allah thirty-three times and extols Allah’s greatness thirty-three times and then says, ‘There is no god except Allah, the One. There is no partner with Him. His is the dominion and His is the praise, and He has power over all things,’ is forgiven, even if his sins are as abundant as the foam of the sea.” (Related by Ahmad, al-Bukhari, Muslim and Abu Dawud.)

7. Ka’b ibn ‘Ajrah related that the Prophet said, “There are certain statements which, if one were to utter or observe them at the end of every obligatory prayer, one would not be dismayed. (They are) glorifying Allah thirty-three times, praising Allah thirty-three times and extolling His greatness thirtyfour times.” (Related by Muslim.)

8. Sumayy reported from Abu Saleh on the authority of Abu Hurairah that the poor emigrants went to the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, and said, “The wealthy have gotten the high ranks and everlasting bounties.” The Prophet said, “Why is that?” They said, “They pray as we pray and they fast as we fast. (But) they give in charity and we do not give in charity. They free the slaves and we do not free the slaves.” The Messenger of Allah told them, “Shall I teach you something by which you may overtake those who surpass you, by which you will surpass those who will come after you, and none will then be better than you except if he does what you do?” They said, “Certainly, O Messenger of Allah.” He told them, “Glorify Allah thirty-three times, praise Him thirty three times, and extol His greatness thirty-four times.” So I returned to Abu Saleh and told him what they had said. He took my hand and said, “Allahu Akbar, subhaan Allah, al-hamdu lillah, Allahu Akbar, subhaan Allah, al-hamdu lillah...” until all of them reached thirty-three.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

9. The Prophet would say each of the following twenty-five times: Subhaan Allah, al-hamdu lillah, Allahu Akbar and La ilaha illa Allah, wa ashadu anna la shareeka lahu. Lahu al-mulk wa lahu al-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shaian qadeer (There is no god except Allah, the One. He has no partner. His is the dominion, His is the praise, and He has power over all things.)

10. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, “There are two characteristics which, if one observes them, will cause him to enter Paradise. They are very easy actions, but very few perform them.” The people said, “What are they, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “To praise Allah, extol His greatness and glorify Him at the end of every obligatory prayer ten times each. When one goes to bed, he should glorify Allah, praise Him and extol His greatness one hundred times each. Those are, in total, only 250 actions of the tongue, yet they are equal to 2500 on the scale. Does any of you commit 2500 sins during one day and night?” They asked, “How come those easy actions are performed by so few?” He said, “Satan comes to one during his prayer and reminds him of such and such need, and he fails to say the (above). He comes to him in his bed and makes him sleep so that he cannot say them.” ‘Abdullah said, “I have seen the Messenger of Allah counting them on his fingers.’’ This is related by Abu Dawud and at-Tirmizhi, who called it Hassan Sahih.)

11. It is related from ‘Ali that he and Fatimah were seeking a servant to make their work easier. The Prophet refused and said to her, “Shall I tell you of something better than what you have asked for?” They said, “Certainly.” He said, “These are words that were taught to me by Gabriel, peace be upon him. Glorify Allah at the end of every prayer ten times, praise Him ten times and extol His greatness ten times. When you go to bed, glorify Allah thirty-three times, praise Him thirty-three times and extol His greatness thirty-four times.” Said ‘Ali, “By Allah, I never neglected to do what the Messenger of Allah taught us.”

12. ‘Abdurahman ibn Ghanim reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Whoever says, ‘There is no god but Allah, the One. There is no partner with Him. His is the dominon and His is the praise. In his hand is all the good. He gives life and death, and He has power over all things,’ ten times after the sunrise and dawn prayer, before turning away and lifting his leg, will have written for him for each repetition ten good deeds, and will have erased for him ten evil deeds. He will also be raised ten digress, will be protected from every plot, and he will be protected from the outcast Satan. No sin will lead to his destruction except idolatry, and he will be the person with the best deeds, surpassed only by the one who does more and says more than what he has said.” This is related by Ahmad and atTirmizhi, but without “In His hand is all the good.”

13. Muslim ibn al-Harith reported that his father said, “The Messenger of Allah said to me, ‘When you pray the Morning Prayer, before you talk to anyone say, ‘O Allah, I seek your protection from the Hellfire’ seven times. If you should die on that day, Allah will record for you protection from the Hell-fire. When you pray the sunset prayer, say before you speak to anyone, ‘O Allah, I ask Paradise of You. O Allah, I seek Your protection from the Hell-fire’ seven times. If you die during that night, Allah will record for you protection from the Hell-fire.” (Related by Ahmad and Abu Dawud.)

14. Al-Bukhari and at-Tirmizhi related that Sa’d ibn Abu Waqqas used to teach the following words to his children, “The Messenger of Allah would seek refuge at the end of every prayer (by saying), ‘O Allah, I seek refuge in you from cowardice. I seek refuge in You from miserliness, I seek refuge in You from senility, and I seek refuge in You from the trials of this world, and I seek refuge in You from the torment of the grave.”

15. Abu Hatim related that the Prophet would say, upon finishing his prayers, “O Allah, make my religion, which encompasses all of my affairs, good. O Allah, make this world of mine in which I live good. O Allah, I seek refuge in Your pleasure from Your anger. I seek refuge in Your pardoning from your vengeance. I seek refuge in You from You. None can withhold what You have conferred; no one can confer what You have withheld. No possessor of fortune can benefit from his fortune against you.”

To be continued