virtues of Jumu’ah, Friday prayer
Friday (Jumu’ah) is the best day of the week.
Abu Hurairah reports that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alehi Wasallam said: “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. [On Friday] Adam was created and on that day he entered paradise and on that day he was expelled from paradise. And the Hour will come to pass on Friday.” This is related by Muslim, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa’i, and at-Tirmizhi who calls it sahih.
Abu Lubanah al-Badri relates that the Prophet said: “The most prominent of the days [The leader of the days] is the day of Jumu’ah and the most honored in Allah’s sight, and it is more honored in Allah’s sight than the day of breaking the fast or the day of sacrifice. It has five significant merits: Allah created Adam on this day; on this day Allah sent Adam down to the earth; on this day, Allah caused Adam to die; on this day, there is a time during which if anyone asks anything of Allah it will be granted to him unless he asks for something which is forbidden; and on this day, the Hour will be established. There are no angels close to Allah or sky or earth or wind or mountain or sea who are not worried concerning the day of Jumu’ah.” This is related by Ahmad and Ibn Majah. Al-Iraqi says its chain is Hasan.
Supplications during Friday
One should do one’s best to make supplications during the last moments (or hours) of Jumu’ah.
‘Abdullah ibn Salam relates: “I said, and the Messenger of Allah was sitting: ‘We find in the Book of Allah that on Friday there is an ‘hour’ in which, if a believing slave prays to Allah for something, his prayer is (indeed) accepted and he is granted whatever he prays for.’ The Messenger of Allah pointed toward me and said: ‘Or part of an hour.’ I said: ‘You have spoken the truth: or part of an hour.’ I asked: ‘What hour is it?’ He replied: ‘The last hour of the day.’ I remarked: ‘That is not a time of salah?’ He responded: ‘Certainly [it is]; if a believing slave offers salah and then sits, he will not be sitting, save due to the salah, and he will be in Salah.”’ This is related by Ibn Majah.
Abu Sa’id and Abu Hurairah report that the Messenger of Allah said: “On Jumu’ah there is a time that if a believing slave asks Allah during it for some good, [Allah will definitely] give it to him, and that time is after the ‘asr salah.” This is related by Ahmad. Al-’Iraqi calls it sahih.
Jabir reports that the Messenger of Allah said: “The day of Jumu’ah has twelve hours, and during one of the hours, you will not find a Muslim slave [of Allah] asking Allah for something, but that He will give it to him. Seek it in the last hour after the ‘Asr salah.” This is related by anNasa’i, Abu Dawud, and by al-Hakim in al-Mustadrak, and he calls it sahih according to Muslim’s criteria. Ibn Hajar says that its chain is Hasan.
Abu Salamah ibn ‘Abdurrahman reports that some companions of the Prophet gathered and mentioned the “hour on Jumu’ah.” They left and did not differ on the fact that it is the last hour of Jumu’ah. This is related by Sa’id ibn Mansur in his Sunan and al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar calls it Sahih.
Ahmad ibn Hanbal says: “Most of the hadith concerning the hour in which the supplication is always responded to state the hour to be after the ‘asr prayer, and some state it to be after the sun passes the meridian.”
There is a hadith recorded by Muslim and Abu Dawud which states that Abu Musa heard the Messenger of Allah say concerning the special hour on Jumu’ah: “It is between the time that the imam sits [i.e., upon the pulpit] and the time that the Salah is completed.” All the same, this particular hadith is defective because its chain is broken and it is mudtarib.
Making many prayers and salutations upon the Prophet (SAW) during the night and the day of Jumu’ah
Aus ibn Aus reports that the Prophet said: “The most virtuous of your days is Jumu’ah. On that day, Adam was created and on that day he died, (on that day) the horn will be blown and the people will be dumbfounded! Increase your prayers upon me as your prayers upon me will be presented to me.” The people said: “O Messenger of Allah, how will our prayers be presented to you when you have passed away?” He said: “Allah has prohibited the earth from eating the bodies of the Prophets.” This is related by the five, except for at-Tirmizhi.
Ibn al-Qayyim says: “It is preferred to pray for (Allah’s blessings on the Prophet during the day and night of Jumu’ah as the Prophet said: ‘Make many prayers upon me during the day of Friday and the night of Friday.’ The Messenger of Allah is the leader of mankind, and Jumu’ah is the best of the days of the week. Prayers upon him during that day are a privilege [he deserves] which belongs to no other. This act also has another wisdom to it and that is that all of the good that has passed onto this [Muslim] ummah, in this life and the hereafter, has passed through him. Allah has gathered the good of this life and the next life for this ummah, and the greatest honor and success will be granted to them on Friday. On that day, they will be granted their houses and palaces in paradise and that is the day they will be given more when they enter paradise. It is a day of celebration for them in this life. It is also a day in which Allah fulfills their needs and answers their prayers and requests in this world. They are aware of all of that and are able to attain it because of the Prophet and it is through him [that they received these teachings]; therefore, in gratitude and appreciation for the great blessings we received through him, we should make many prayers upon him during the day and night of Jumu ‘ah.”
Recitation of Surah al-Kahf
It is preferred to recite surah al-Kahf during the day and night of Jumu’ah.
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reports that the Prophet said: “Whoever recites Surah al-Kahf on Jumu’ah will have illumination from the light from one Jumu’ah to the next.” This is related by an-Nasa’i, al-Baihaqi, and al-Hakim.
Ibn ‘Umar reports that the Prophet said: “Whoever recites Surah al-Kahf on Jumu’ah will be blessed with a light that will rise from underneath his feet to the peak of the sky. This will be a light for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will be forgiven for what is between the Jumu’ah [and the next] Jumu’ah.” This is related by Ibn Mardwwiyah with a faultless chain.
It is disliked to raise one’s voice while reciting al-Kahf in the mosque on Friday
Shaikh Muhammad ‘Abdu issued a verdict that mentioned reciting Surah al-Kahf aloud among the many disliked matters on Friday. He also mentioned the following: singling out Friday as a day of fasting, singling out its night as a night to perform Salatul Tahajjud, reciting Surah al-Kahf during it with a specific manner of melody which disturbs those who are offering Salah, while the people in the mosque are not listening because of their being engaged in conversation with others. Therefore, one should be careful about such a recital.
To be continued