(Friday 12th October, 2018 Issue)
CONCERNING BEING IN THE FIRST ROW AND ON THE RIGHT SIDE
We have already mentioned the Prophet’s words “If the people knew what [great blessings were] in the call to salah and in the first row the people would vie with one another to call the Azhan and to be in the first row, and if they found no way to decide [who would be allowed to make the call to salah or to be in the first row] except by drawing lots, then they would draw lots.” Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reports that the Prophet noticed his companions going to the back rows, and he said: “Come close and follow me and let those behind follow you. People will continue going to the back until Allah will put them in the back.” This is related by Muslim, an-Nasa’i, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majah. ‘Aishah reports that the Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “Allah and His angels send down blessings upon those who pray on the right side of the rows.” This is related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah. Ahmad and at-Tabarani record, with a Sahih chain, from Abu Umamah that the Prophet said: “Allah and the angels send down blessings upon the first row.” The people inquired: “O Messenger of Allah, and upon the second row?” The Prophet again said: “Allah and the angels send down blessings upon the first row.” The people asked again: “O Messenger of Allah, and upon the second row?” Finally he said: “And upon the second row.”
REPEATING IMAM’S WORDS FOR OTHERS IN THE BACK ROWS
If some people cannot hear the imam, it is preferred for one to repeat in a loud voice the imam’s words for the others to hear. There is consensus among scholars that repeating aloud after the imams without there being any real need for it is an abhorent innovation.
THE EARTH AS A MOSQUE
Allah the Exalted has conferred a special blessing upon this Ummah - that is, the whole earth has been declared a mosque for it. Therefore, when the time for prayer comes, a Muslim may pray wherever he may be. Abu Zharr asked the Prophet, “What was the first mosque on the earth?” He said: “The Masjid al-Haram [in Makkah].” Abu Zharr asked: “which is the next oldest mosque?” The Prophet Sallallahu alehi wassalam said: “The al-Aqsa Mosque.” Abu Zharr asked: “How much time was there between [the buildings of the two].” The Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam replied: “Forty years.” Then, he said: “Wherever you may be, at the time of salah, you may pray for it [the earth] is all a mosque.” This is related by the group.
THE EXCELLENCE OF BUILDING MOSQUES
‘Uthman reports that the Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “Whoever builds for Allah a mosque, seeking by it Allah’s grace, Allah will build for him a house in paradise.” This is related by al-Bukhari and Muslim. Ibn ‘Abbas reports that the Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “Whoever builds for Allah a mosque, even if it be tiny, like a bird’s nest, Allah will build for him a house in paradise.” This is related by Ahmad, Ibn Hibban, and al-Bazzar with a Sahih chain.
SUPPLICATIONS WHILE GOING TO THE MOSQUE
It is Sunnah to make supplications while going to the mosque. The following are examples of such supplications:
Umm Salamah reports: “When the Messenger of Allah left the house he would say: ‘In the name of Allah, I put my trust in Allah. O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee lest I stray or be led astray or cause injustice or suffer injustice or do wrong or have wrong done to me!” This is related by Abu Dawud, anNasa’i, Ibn Majah, and at-Tirmizhi, who calls it Sahih. Anas reports that the Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever says upon leaving from his house: ‘In the name of Allah, I put my trust in Allah. There is no power or might except with Allah,’ it will be said to him: ‘That is sufficient for you...you are guided, defended, and protected and the devil will be driven away from you.”’ This is related by Abu Dawud, an-Nasa’i, and at-Tirmizhi who calls it hasan.
Al-Bukhari and Muslim record from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Prophet left for the mosque saying: “O Allah, make light in my heart, and light in my vision, and light in my hearing, and light on my right, and light behind me, and light in my nerves, and light in my flesh, and light in my blood, and light in my hair and light in my skin.” In Muslim’s version, we find “O Allah, make light in my heart and light on my tongue, and make light in my hearing, and light in my sight, and make light behind me, and light in front of me, and make light above me, and light below me . O Allah, give me light.”
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reports that the Prophet said: “If a man leaves his house to go to the prayer and says, ‘O Allah, I ask You by the right of the suppliant upon You and by the right of this walking - as I have not come out in an arrogant or unthankful manner or for show or for fame; I came out in fear of Your anger and desiring Your pleasure - I ask You to rescue me from the Fire and to forgive my sins as no one forgives sins, save You,” Allah will assign for him seventy thousand angels to ask forgiveness for him and Allah turns His face to him until he finishes his prayer.” This is related by Ahmad, Ibn Khuzaimah, and Ibn Majah. Al-Hafez said that it is hasan.
SUPPLICATIONS UPON ENTERING AND LEAVING THE MOSQUES
It is a Sunnah for one who wants to enter the mosque to enter with his right foot first and to say: “I seek refuge in Allah, the Exalted, and by His honorable face, and in His everlasting authority, [away] from the outcast Satan. In the name of Allah! O Allah, shower blessings upon Muhammad. O Allah, forgive my sins for me and open for me the doors of Your mercy.”
When one wants to leave the mosque he should step with his left foot first and say: “In the name of Allah! O Allah, shower blessings upon Muhammad. O Allah, forgive my sins for me and open for me the doors of Your bounty. O Allah, protect me from the accursed Satan.”
THE EXCELLENCE OF PROCEEDING TO THE MOSQUE TO ATTEND SALAH
Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “If anyone goes back and forth to the mosque [to attend the prayers], Allah will prepare for him a feast in paradise as often as he goes back and forth.” This is related by Ahmad, al-Bukhari, and Muslim.
Abu Sa’id reports that the Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “If you see a man frequenting the mosque, then testify that he has faith. As Allah says,’The attendants of Allah’s mosque are those who believe in Allah and the last day [At-Taubah 18].”’ This is related by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibban, and by at-Tirmizhi, who says it is hasan, and by al-Hakim who says it is Sahih.
Muslim records, on the authority of Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said: “If anyone purifies himself in his house, and then walks to one of the houses of Allah to fulfill one of the obligations laid down by Allah, then [each one] of his steps will erase one of his sins and the next will raise his degrees.”
Abu ad-Darda’ reports that the Messenger of Allah said: “The mosque is a house for every pious person, and Allah provides everyone whose house is the mosque with comfort, leisure, and a path to Allah’s pleasure, to paradise.” This is related by at-Tabarani and al-Bazzar with a Sahih chain.
We have already mentioned the hadith which begins with words “Shall I not point out to you [an act] by which Allah erases sins and raises degrees . ?”
Abu Qatadah reports that the Messenger of Allah said: “When one of you comes to the mosque, he should pray two rak’at before he sits.” This is related by the group.
To Be Continued