reports that the Messenger of Allah said: “Prayer in the inviolable mosque [in
Makkah] is like 100,000 prayers [elsewhere]. And prayers in my mosque [in
Medinah] are like one thousand prayers [elsewhere]. And a prayer in Bait
al-Maqdis [in Jerusalem] is like five hundred prayers [elsewhere]. This is
related by alBaihaqi, and as-Sayuti says it is hasan. Ahmad records that the
Messenger of Allah said: “Offering salah in my mosque is better than one
thousand prayers elsewhere, save for those offered in the inviolable mosque.
And salah in the inviolable mosque is better than salah in my mosque by one
hundred prayers.” The Prophet said: “One should not undertake a journey, save
to three mosques: the inviolable mosque [in Makkah], my mosque here [in
Medinah], and Masjid al-Aqsa [in Jerusalem].” This is related by the group.
EMBELLISHING THE MOSQUES
Anas reports that the Messenger of Allah said: “The Hour will not come to pass until the people vie with each other in (building) the mosques.” This is related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, anNasa’i, Ibn Majah, and Ibn Hibban who calls it Sahih. Ibn Khuzaimah’s wording is: “A time will come when the people will vie with each other in (building) the mosques but very few will attend (the mosques).” Ibn ‘Abbas reports that the Messenger of Allah said: “I have not been ordered to build high and lofty mosques.” Abu Dawud’s version adds: “Ibn ‘Abbas said: ‘You will certainly embellish them as the Jews and Christians embellished [their places of worship].”’ The preceding hadith was related by Abu Dawud and by Ibn Hibban who calls it Sahih. ‘Umar ordered mosques to be built and would say: “Protect the people from the rain. Beware of red and yellow decorations for they distract people.” This is related by Ibn Khuzaimah in his Sahih and by alBukhari in mualaq form.
THE MOSQUES CLEAN AND SCENTING THEM
‘Aishah reports that the Prophet ordered that mosques be built in residential areas and that they be cleaned and perfumed. This is related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmizhi, Ibn Majah, and Ibn Hibban with a good chain. Abu Dawud’s wording is: “He ordered us to build the mosques in the residential areas, to build them well, and to purify them. ‘Abdullah would burn incense when ‘Umar would sit on the pulpit.” Anas reports that the Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “The rewards of my ummah were placed before me, even for removing a speck of dust from the mosque.” This is related by Abu Dawud, atTirmizhi, and Ibn Khuzaimah who calls it Sahih.
The Mosques are houses of worship and it is obligatory to keep them clean and free of filth and noxious smells. Muslim records that the Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “These mosques are not meant for urine or filth but they are for the remembrance of Allah and the recital of the Qur’an. Ahmad records, with a Sahih chain, that the Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “If one of you expectorates, he should cover it lest it should besmear a believer’s body or clothing and harm him.” Ahmad and al-Bukhari record from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said: “When one of you stands to pray, he should not spit in front of him as he is facing Allah when he is in prayer. And he should not spit to his right as there is an angel on his right. So, he should spit to his left or under his feet and he should bury it.” Jabir reports that the Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “Whoever eats garlic, onion, or leek should not come close to our mosque for the angels are harmed by what harms the children of Adam.” This is related by al-Bukhari and Muslim. On Friday, ‘Umar addressed the people saying: “O you people, you eat of two plants which I consider bad [onion and garlic] for I have seen the Prophet, when he perceived their smell from someone, he would order the man to go to al-Baqi’. Whoever eats them should suppress their odor by cooking them.” This is related by Ahmad, Muslim, and an-Nasa’i.
OF ANNOUNCING LOST OBJECTS, TRADING OR RECITING POETRY IN THE MOSQUES
Abu Hurairah reports that the Messenger of Allah said: “If you hear a man announcing in the mosque about some object which he has lost tell him: ‘May Allah not return it to you for the mosques are not built for that.”’ This is related by Muslim. Abu Hurairah also relates that the Prophet said: “If you see someone buying or selling in the mosque, say to him: ‘May Allah not give you any profit in your trading.”’ This is related by an-Nasa’i and atTirmizhi. The latter calls it hasan. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar reports that the Prophet for bade buying and selling in the mosque, reciting poetry in it, or announcing lost items, and he especially prohibited making a circle [i.e., a meeting in a circle] before the Friday prayer. This is related by the five, and at-Tirmizhi calls it Sahih.
The poetry which is prohibited is that which ridicules a Muslim, praises a wrongdoer or some lewdness, and so on. Concerning that which contains wisdom or praises of Islam or encouragement to piety, there is nothing wrong with it. Abu Hurairah reports that ‘Umar passed by Hassan as he was reciting poetry in the mosque. ‘Umar looked at him in a disapproving manner. Hassan said: “I used to recite when one better than you was present.” He turned to Abu Hurairah and said: “I adjure you by Allah to state that you have heard the Messenger of Allah say: ‘Respond for me [Hassan]. O Allah, support him with the Angel Gabriel.’” Abu Hurairah said: “Yes, [I heard it].” This is related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
IN THE MOSQUE
Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taimiyah says: “Begging is forbidden whether it is in the mosque or outside it, unless there is a real need for it. If necessary, one may beg in the mosque as long as one does not harm anyone and does not lie in begging, or disturb the people by stepping over them or with one’s loudness, for instance, when the people are listening to the Friday khutbah, and one distracts them by one’s voice.
ONE’S VOICE IN THE MOSQUE
It is forbidden to raise one’s voice in such a way that it disturbs others’ prayers, even if it is done while reciting the Qur’an. Teaching or imparting knowledge (to others) is exempt from this prohibition. Ibn ‘Umar relates that the Prophet Sallallahu alehi wasallam entered upon some people while they were praying and they were raising their voices in the Qur’anic recital. The Prophet said: “One who is praying is in a private conversation with his Lord so he should be mindful of whom he is conversing with. And you should not raise your voices against each other in [the recital of] the Qur’an.” This is related by Ahmad with a Sahih chain. Abu Sa’ id al-Khurdi reports that the Prophet was making seclusion (i’tikaf) in the mosque and he heard the people reciting aloud. He removed the covering and said: “Verily, each of you is in a private conversation with his Lord so you should not disturb each other. And you are not to raise your voices against each other in the recitation.” This is related by Abu Dawud, an-Nasa’i, al-Baihaqi, and al-Hakim who grades it Sahih according to the criteria of al-Bukhari and Muslim.
IN THE MOSQUE
An-Nawawi says: “It is permissible to engage in lawful conversation in the mosque and one may discuss worldly affairs and other things and even laugh, as long as it is about something permissible. This opinion is based on the hadith of Jabir ibn Samurah who said: ‘The Prophet would not rise from his place of the Morning Prayer until the sun had risen, and when the sun rose, he would get up. And they would talk and laugh about [pre-Islamic] days of ignorance, and he would smile.’” This is related by Muslim.
When one wants to leave the mosque he should step with his left foot first and say: “In the name of Allah! O Allah, shower blessings upon Muhammad. O Allah, forgive my sins for me and open for me the doors of Your bounty. O Allah, protect me from the accursed Satan.”