change in The Gambia is a critical problem, which is adversely affecting the
structure and function of the country’s ecosystems. Upland ecosystems have
degraded largely due to erratic rainfall, overgrazing, soil erosion and
intensive cultivation, the result of intense pressure on land resources, high
population growth and recurrent droughts.
Lowland ecosystems and riverine wetlands are threatened by salinity in the western half of the country, siltation and sedimentation resulting from upland degradation caused by erosion. Declining rainfall over the past years has increased aridity in the uplands and acidity/salinity of soils in the lowlands.
Scientists predict that unless human beings significantly reduce carbon emissions, sea levels will rise, and weather patterns will shift violently. Human-caused pollution has left our planet on the verge of a tipping point in which ecosystems will die resulting in the release of massive amounts of CO2. If that happens, the changes to the climate could be irreversible, countless species will become extinct, and our economic and cultural way of life will be critically altered.
Consequently, humanity should not spare any effort to curb the global warming crisis. According to experts, by taking action now, we can reduce emissions by more than 85 present, by the middle of the century, and prevent this climatic catastrophe before it is too late.
In The Gambia and in most Sub-Saharan countries, protecting tropical ecosystems and rain forests should be a moral obligation. We owe it to future generations to preserve our environment to mitigate possible catastrophic consequences from the irresponsible behavior of big business and multinational companies.
The responsibility to create a better world, which is home to more biodiversity than any other ecosystem, is key to protecting the planet’s health and curbing climate change. This can only be done, if we decide inexorably to change the path of tackling environmental issues.Guest editorial